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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS: A BRIEF OVERVIEW

By April 3, 2022New, Vol. 8.2

by Psarros D., Stamatopoulos M.I. and Anagnostopoulos C.N.

ABSTRACT

The age we live in is the age of the technological revolution: the social networks, virtual communities, 3D worlds, digital applications, immersive and collaborative games, are able to change our perception of the world as well as the way information is shared and transmitted. The shift of our society towards new technol-ogies has greatly facilitated the integration of these technologies (Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality, Photo-grammetry, etc.) in places such as archaeology, which in the past seemed like a very difficult idea. In recent years, archaeologists have begun to incorporate new technologies that can assist them in archaeological exca-vations. Such technologies include 3D Imaging Surveying methods (LiDAR, Mobile and Terrestrial 3D Scan-ners), Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS), Photogrammetry as well as 3D Visualization Methods (Virtual and Augmented Reality) for the three-dimensional or two-dimensional display of sites where archaeological exca-vations are carried out. A big advantage of new technologies is the highly increasing capabilities and user friendliness over cost ratio, which encourages archaeologists to enter the emerging realm of Digital Archaeol-ogy. This paper summarises cutting-edge technologies that may assist archaeologists during the excavations process and reports related projects. At the same time, it overviews the literature for applications, tools and software implemented to operate directly to the excavation field (in situ) for the documentation, management, integration of the archaeological information and to facilitate the exchange, direct access and interoperability of the scientific data. We strongly believe that the present review would be very helpful to young researchers in the of field Digital Archaeology, since it assembles valuable knowledge from the scientific literature.

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