By Nancy Badra

Within about 3000 BC began the process of urbanization, shifting to build big cities, northeast Syria, in the
beginning of the Early Bronze Age. The archaeologists were able to identify the above-mentioned
urbanization process in different civilized criteria according to the region where it was established. For
example, in the Upper Mesopotamia specifically from Nineveh, north of Iraq, to the Khabour Basin in the
northeast Syria called the Ninevite 5 period. This period was characterized by several features the most
important was the organization and functional specialization followed in the sites of the Khabour Basin, this
organization was differs somewhat from previous periods, and characterized by the presence of storage
facilities in the Middle Khabour Basin, it seems that these sites had shared the work among themselves to
serve certain purposes, either internal or external like export and trade. Thus, these storage facilities remain
one of the most special civilization characteristics till the end of the Ninevite 5 period, and then they have
been disappeared. On the other hand, the settlement stopped in some areas while stayed as it is in others for
some time before moving to the next period “Akkadian Empire”.

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