By Kholod K.Salama, Mona F.Ali, Abubakr M.Moussa
A comprehensive investigation has been undertaken on the used mortar in construction of El Sakakeny
palace dating to the 19th century designed by Antonio La Schiac. The analytical instruments used for this
investigation were X- ray diffraction and Scanning Electron Microscopy coupled with EDX. The analysis
shows that the mortar used in the fire place chamber was cement on other hand the mortar in the love
chamber was calcium hydroxide mixed with silica as popular mortars were used before starting to use
cement mortars in Egypt.