WERE INDIANS RESPONSIBLE FOR ALL OF THE PETERBOROUGH PETROGLYPHS?

By January 13, 2019 April 4th, 2020 Vol. 5.1

By Joseph Sternberg

ABSTRACT

Many decades ago, several epigraphers claimed that numerous inscriptions on a large limestone rock near Peterborough, Canada, indicated that they were made during the Scandinavian Bronze Age by Scandinavian visitors and contained a Proto-Tifinagh (known in north africa) alphabet But while many continued to assert that all of the inscriptions were made by early Algonquian Indians, as far as I knew, no one published a pa-per showing that the claims of a Nordic presence were incorrect. I recently learned that such a paper, over-looked by archaeologists, and other scholars, was in fact published in 2004 by Joan Vastokas (who had mapped the inscriptions on the Peterborough rock) as a chapter in a book on North American Rock-Art . This paper provides a detailed examination of her chapter. Vastokas provides an extensive discussion of an-cient Indian culture and evidence that the Indians inscribed glyphs at Peterborough. But, as I will show, she presents no evidence that Indians could have been the source of the Bronze Age inscriptions and essentially ignores the presence of a Proto-Tifinagh alphabet.  

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